PhD Candidate, University of Guelph


MA Saint Mary’s University, History (2015)

Thesis: Ambivalent Choices: Chinese Collaboration in Japanese Manchuria Re-examined, 1931-1937.

BA (Hon.) Acadia University, History (2014)

Thesis: “I Want to Light a Fire”: Resisting Russian and Japanese Imperialism in Manchuria, 1895-1945.



Current Research:

Supervisor: Norman Smith Area of Specialization: modern Asian History (Chinese and Japanese)

My dissertation, “Ambivalent Choices: Chinese Collaboration in Manchukuo Reexamined, 1931-1937,” is an extension of research conducted during my MA at Saint Mary’s University. I question how Chinese political elites managed to survive Japanese military rule in Northeast China (formerly known as Manchuria), arguing that collaboration was far more complicated than mere subservience and betrayal as the dominant narrative in China insists.