Campus: Wilfrid Laurier
Office: DAWB 4-148; LCMSDS 115

Academic Background

BA, Toronto
MA, Duke
PhD, Toronto

Academic Interests

British, Canadian and American naval and air operations in the Battles of the Atlantic in the First and Second World Wars; Canadian defence policy and civil military relations, 1860-1945; Canadian military historiography and the development of military history institutions in Canada

Recent Publications


  • Coast Artillery 1815-1914 (Bloomfield, Ont.: Museum Restoration Service, 1988).
  • With Michael L. Hadley, Tin-Pots and Pirate Ships: Canadian Naval Forces and German Sea Raiders, 1880-1918 (Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1991).
  • The Maritime Defence of Canada (Toronto: Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies, 1996).
  • Canada and the Battle of the Atlantic (Montreal: Art Global and the Department of National Defence, 1998).
  • With Brian Tennyson, Guardian of the Gulf: Sydney, Cape Breton, and the Atlantic Wars, 1785-1991 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000).
  • The Battle of the Atlantic: The Royal Canadian Navy’s Greatest Campaign 1939-1945 (Access to History No. 9) (Ottawa: CEF Books, 2001).
  • With W.A.B. Douglas and Michael Whitby, No Higher Purpose: The Official Operational History of the Royal Canadian Navy, Vol. II part 1: 1939-1943 (Ottawa and St Catharines: Vanwell Publications and Department of National Defence, 2003).
  • With Doug Knight, Saint John Fortifications 1630-1956 (Fredericton: Goose Lane Editions and The New Brunswick Military Heritage Project, 2003).

Chapters in Books

  • ‘The Ghosts of Fisher and Jellicoe: The Royal Canadian Navy and the Quebec Conferences,’ in The Second Quebec Conference Revisited: Waging War, Formulating Peace: Canada, Great Britain, and the United States in 1944-1945 (The Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute Series on Diplomatic and Economic History), David B. Woolner, ed. (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998), 143-70.
  • ‘Rear-Admiral L.W. Murray and the Battle of the Atlantic: The Professional Who Led Canada’s Citizen Sailors,’ in Warrior Chiefs: Perspectives on Senior Canadian Military Leaders, Bernd Horn and Stephen Harris, eds. (Toronto: Dundurn, 2001), 165-90.
  • ‘Canada’s Military Effort in the World Wars,’ Canada, Confederation to Present: An interactive history of Canada (Edmonton: Chinook Multimedia, 2001).
  • ‘The Origins of Canada-US Defence Cooperation: The Naval Defence of the Northwest Atlantic, 1914-18,’ in Canada and the Great War: Western Front Association Papers, Briton C. Busch, ed. (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003), 122-46.
  • ‘Canada’s Emergence as a Naval Power, 1910-1950’ in Canada, 1900-1950: Un pays prend sa place/A Country Comes of Age, Serge Bernier and John MacFarlane, eds. (Ottawa: Organization for the History of Canada, 2003), 111-26.
  • ‘Admiral Percy W. Nelles: Diligent Guardian of the Vision’ in Michael Whitby, Richard H. Gimblett and Peter Haydon, The Admirals (Toronto: Dundurn, 2006), 69-95.


  • ‘The Limits of Ultra: The Schnorkel U-boat Offensive Against North America, November 1944-January 1945,’ Intelligence and National Security, XII (April 1997), 44-59.
  • Incident on Lucknow Street: Defenders and the Defended in Halifax, 1915,’ Canadian Military History, Vol. 10 (Spring 2001): 55-9.
  • ‘The Halifax Military Lands Board: Civil-Military Relations and the Development of Halifax as a Strategic Defended Port, 1905-1928,’ Northern Mariner XII (April 2002), 45-68.
  • ‘The “Battle We Lost at Home” Revisited: Official Military Histories and the Battle of the St. Lawrence,’ Canadian Military History 12 (Winter/Spring 2003), 41-50.
  • ‘Canada’s Coastal Fortifications of the Second World War,’ Fort: The International Journal of Fortification and Military Architecture 33 (2005), 3-33.

Books Edited

  • With Norman Hillmer, Robert Bothwell and Claude Beauregard, A Country of Limitations: Canada and the World in 1939/Un pays dans la gĂȘne: le Canada et le monde en 1939 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1996).

Museum Exhibits

  • Project director, military history writer and editor, ‘Canvas of War: Masterpieces from the Canadian War Museum,’ c. 5000 square foot art show and military history exhibit, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa, February 2000-January 2001, and then toured Canada, 2001-2005. Canadian Museum Association award for ‘best exhibit’ for 2000.
  • Project co-director and history writer and editor, ‘Democracy at War: The Canadian Second World War Newspaper Archive.’ Online in September 2003.

Other Activities